Before you can learn exactly how to get rid of lice, you must first learn what lice even are. They are tiny insects that sit on your scalp and feed off of your blood, sort of like a mosquito. It is also a good idea if you know what the symptoms are and how you can prevent lice from happening in the first place.
Lice come in 3 stages:
1. Nits.These are the eggs. They look a lot like dandruff, but can not be easily brushed off or shaken out of the hair. They are typically found on the hair shafts very close to the scalp. They have a yellowish color to them.
2. Nymphs.These are baby lice. The nits are hatched within one to two weeks, becoming nymphs. They become adult lice within 1 to 2 weeks after being hatched. Basically, lice are eggs for 2 weeks, babies for 2 weeks, and then adults.
3. Adult Lice.Adult lice are typically a tan color. They are usually found behind your ears and on the back of your neck. They can get up to ⅛ of an inch in size. (Lice is actually plural. The singular form of the word lice is louse. So just one by itself is a louse.)
There are 2 main symptoms of having lice. They are:
● Red Bumps
When the lice inject their saliva into your scalp while they are feeding, it causes an allergic reaction, which makes you feel itchy. If you itch too much, it then causes red bumps to form. That is why it’s a good idea to refrain from itching if you have lice.
There are many different preventative measures you can take to ensure you or your loved ones do not get lice. Those things include:
● Not sharing anything that touches your head, such as:
○ Hair brushes/combs
○ Headbands/hair ties/barrettes
○ Hair straighteners/hair curlers, etc
● Washing your clothes and bedding in extremely hot water, and drying them on extremely high heat
● Washing or having dry-cleaned any stuffed animals or any other cloth/fur/fuzzy item
● Vacuuming the house
● Soaking hair-care products in rubbing alcohol, or simply throwing them away and replacing them
As long as you follow these preventative measures you or your loved ones should not be getting lice again. However, head lice is extremely contagious and if something is shared between someone who has lice and someone who doesn’t, that person who didn’t have it will almost always get it eventually.
Before you are able to get rid of lice, you have to be able to find it. What do you look for when trying to find and remove the lice? First of all, you always need to put on latex gloves before touching someone’s head who has lice. It will be best to do the head lice check in a brightly-lit room, so it is easier for you to see, since lice can be hard to spot. For extra light, try sitting the person directly beneath a bright light. You can also try to find the lice using a magnifying glass if you are having a hard time locating any. Next, you should part the hair into sections. Use your hands and sort through the hair, looking for anything moving as well as eggs. Check the entire head, including behind the ears and on the neck.
Now, how to get rid of lice? In order to get rid of lice you are going to need to buy a medicated shampoo from the store. This shampoo is basically a pesticide, or insect killer, so it needs to be used sparingly and correctly, as it can be very harmful. For this reason, it is not wise to use on children 2 years of age and younger. For those older than 2, simply follow the directions for the medicated shampoo and when finished with treatment use a comb to comb through your hair and get rid of all the dead lice. It may take a few comb-throughs. For a child under 2, the only thing you can do is try to hand-remove all of the lice. First, you will need to wet and condition the hair. Wet hair will immobilize the lice for a short time and the conditioner will help to comb through it better. Then, using a fine-tooth comb, do your best to comb the lice out of the hair. You will need to check every couple of days to make sure new lice isn’t hatching. If it is, you will need to repeat this process. If the lice problem persists after either of these methods, it is necessary to contact your doctor. They will be able to provide a prescription for further treatment.
For more informations you can check out these useful resources :